Джерело: The Völuspá. Read April 6, 1838, before the Leicestershire Literary Society. By T. Smith, Esq. F. S. A. Leicester. Printed by Combe and Crossley. 1838. Джерело: http://www.germanicmythology.com/
The Völuspá now proceeds with detached allusions to Heimdallr’s horn, to the Valkyriar, and to the acts of the greater divinities of Asgard, such as the anger of Thor at the giant race, and the visit of Odin to Mimer’s well; but the notices are so obscure and disconnected, that we must have recourse to the Edda of Snorro for an account of the chief Asir and their attributes.
 Midgard. Middle-guard or middle-yard. In the same way Asgard was the guard or yard of the Asir, and Utgard, where the Iötnur were confined, was the outer yard or utter yard. Yard, guard, garden seem to be derived from the same root.
 After verse 20 the two manuscripts versions of Völuspá diverge. Here R is Codex Regius and H is Hauksbók. The stanzas were not numbered in the original text. On occasion, Mr. Smith has combined parts of two verses into one, and in the final stanza has added lines from a late paper manscript.
 Vanir. Little is told of the Vanir except that they were spirits inhabiting the atmosphere, and were thought to have the control of aerial tempests, etc.
 Naströnd. the coast of dead corpses and evil beings, encompassing the abyss of Hvergelmer and situated in the lowest depths of Niflheim. The dark and poisonous streams, ‘Elivagar,’ surround it: Nidhog, the great dragon who dwells beneth the central root of Ygdrasil, torments the dead, with the innumberable serpents which inhabit ‘Hvergelmer.’